The aim of the Dcoop-Hojiblanca Museum is the recuperation and public exhibition of the Andalusian heritage. For this, three mills have been used, although its purpose is to collect other traditional objects linked to oil, olives, olive trees and agriculture in general.
Furthermore, at the rear of the Museum, an olive tree park is being projected.
This mill appeared in La Quinta (a place located between the urban area of Antequera and the Dcoop premises) and has been dated from 1st century by the Municipal Archaeologist, Manuel Romero. This mill was used as a pressing plant, with elements such as a wine press, a stone counterweight or a wooden press wich has been rebuilt. The press system of this winch mill consists on strings joining the counterweight stone to the roof beam. Fossils of olive pits were also found at this site, and samples were taken for further analysis at the Pomology Department of the Higher Technical School of Agricultural Engineering and Forestry (Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos y de Montes) of the University of Córdoba. The results obtained suggest that these are morphologically the ancestors of the current olive trees of the variety hojiblanca. Dcoop has worked very hard on the recognition of several Designations of Origin on the regions where it operates. Indeed, the logo for the DO Antequera is an amphora Dressel 20 (globular shape), for preserving oil, with the letter “A” written on it.
The discovery of this mill is not a mere coincidence, but another fact proving the importance of the oil culture during the Roman Age. In fact, more than 40 roman olive-growing cities have been studied by Manuel Romero in the area of Antequera, although many more are spread throughout southern Spain.
This mill has been donated by the local businessman, Manuel Acedo. This is a press corner or “chapel”, made of oak wood, which has required a great restoration. The press spins on pressing mats (made with dried esparto) and pressure is exerted by pushing the beams inserted into the press (that where moved by the millers), which gave much performance. This type of press was located in small farms but had little effect because it competed with beam presses and hydraulic casting of ist time
This is the main piece of the Dcoop-Hojiblanca Museum (donated by the family Cuadra Rojo), and is located in the valley of Antequera. The building itself is a reproduction of a mill including the construction techniques (walls, spaces…). The jars from the cellar, the beam and the stone mill have been placed in their original placement. This animal-drawn mill, is cylindrical and tapered (with a slight slope) and has two parts. These, together with the timber, the basin and the stone floor of the mill, are originals. However, the most spectacular element is the beam press and quintal (a weight of 100 kilos), with a length of 12.5 meters. Ropes, plates, nails, etc. and even nests of wasps have been preserved. After more than three centuries of moth-eaten dry wood, the press still weighs three thousand kilos, which gives an idea of the pressure it could exert. The counterweight stone mounted directly to the leadscrew, the stone press (or regaifa) and the solid counterweight tower are other remainders of the methods for olive oil extraction at that time.
Lastly, there is a cellar with traditional jars placed in their original placement. Some of the jars are signed by the master potters that created them. Other vestigious are the lañas (U-shaped metal loops traditionally used to hold together pieces of broken pottery vessels), a traditional lost profession that can be recalled here; the largest mills were used for grain and wheat storage after the Spanish Civil War.
A roman counterweight stone, a smelter press from Córdoba, and an olive tree park with more than 75 varieties are displayed in the outdoors of the museum. The Dcoop Group produces all types of oils: from varieties picual, hojiblanca, arbequina, lechín, cornicabra, verdial, manzanilla, lucio, picudo…
Visit the museum
- You can visit the museum on working days:
October to May:
Mornings (monday to friday ) de 9h a 13:30.
Afternoon (monday to thursday) de 16h a 17:30.
Junio a septiembre:
Sólo mañanas (lunes a viernes) de 8:30 a 14:00h.
Reservations for technical visits or groups: